muLinux version 13r2

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  Cloning FAQ

I often receive email with contents like this:

But what I do not understand :
In the howtos I read only about Installation with DOS or Linux.

Is it not possible to install muLinux directly from the Disk ?
Just like DOS and Windows-3.11 ???

Do I really need to install my DOS again before I can clone muLinux ?
I really hate to think about it !

Or can I install another Mini-Distro first ?
Most of them also run straight from the Floppy.
So, I wrote this little note.

  Installation Vs Cloning

The word Installation in muLinux should be not used, because muLinux runs primarily in the RAM, booting from a set of floppy disks (base floppy + add-on).
We reserve the word (installation) in order to describe the process where the images you downloaded are transferred to the floppies (see: Linux Install, and Dos Install).
Nevertheless, it can be cloned on permanent media, such an hard-disk.
In order to clone muLinux in some destination target machine, you must follow these steps:

  • create your muLinux Floppy Set, in your source machine (Linux, or Win9x)
  • take these floppies to the target machine
  • put floppy #1 in the floppy-drive and reboot the target machine,
  • Soon, you will have your mulinux running in RAM. You now have the chance to configure it as you like.
  • after your get to the UNIX prompt, you must type "clone" on the command line, selecting the type of cloning you want. In other words: clone transfer the RAM content, AS-IS, to the HD.
  • restart your target computer and start muLinux. This is the single floppy instance of muLinux, a very basic UNIX system. During this stage, it will ask you if you wish to load additional add-on floppies.
  • put remaining add-on floppies into the drive, at request.

An interesting feature of muLinux is its possibility to be cloned as UMSDOS. In this form it is copied in the c:\linux directory, sharing disk space with Win9x. Obviously, this applies only if you have DOS/Win9x in the target machine.
If the target machine has no OS in it, standard Linux EXT2 cloning is available: this will reformat your hard-disk with the EXT2 Filesystem and use LILO (linux-loader) in order to boot.

  CD-ROM cloning

Once you have cloned to the HD, you can re-clone it into a different partition, if you like, and can also clone it on a CD-ROM (press "clone" and select "CDROM")

  • Target machine equiped with a burning-device: mulinux can burn it
  • Target machine without a burning-device: follow each step and transport the resulting ISO image to a different machine. Here a little howto burn a CD-ROM with an El-Torito ISO image.

  Direct cloning

This feature is only for Windows installers. After they have followed the installation procedure, they can choose to immediately clone in the c:\linux directory, skipping the floppy-disk set creation.
This the only case where the word installatiion may apply with the usual meaning.


Last update: 21 Oct 2003